Treatment in Autism – The Past, Present and Future of Treatment in Autism
Treatment in autism throughout the '40s,' 50s, and '60s was poorly understood and was viewed by many doctors to be an emotional withdrawal in an otherwise normal child. Parents, most especially mothers, were blamed for their child's concerns. In the '60s, evidence began to build that implies that autism results from delicate forms of brain damage. This resulted in a shift of focus in treatment from autism from psychotherapy to education. Special teaching techniques were created, which have proved helpful in minimizing some problem behaviors and in teaching required skills. As a result, many people have made great progress, and with ample assistance and support, many are able to get jobs and lead mostly independent lives.
However, getting a proper treatment for autism for your child can be difficult. Why? Because the disorder may be undetected or undiagnosed for months or, in some instances, even years. Educational programs designed for other disabilities may not sufficiently cater to the special needs of these children. Therefore, when trying to get special services for their children, many parents find themselves consistently venturing into a world of physicians, educators, and social agencies that they're not fully acquainted with.
Unlike the majority of young people, these children do not have the capacity to readily understand information from their environment. Educating them with the basic skills required at home and in the community poses a challenge to parents, and is a gradual, step-by-step process. A day's schedule can keep parents rushing from one task to the next; helping and providing assistance with feeding, dressing, and toileting; or cleaning up after accidents.
The child's need for consistent supervision adds to the strain. For the most part, children need constant attention for their minimal sense of danger. Because a lot of children with this disorder have irregular sleep patterns, the vigil sometimes extends through the night.
Some of these children's demands increase or decrease in time.
Facing the Public
One of the most difficult things for most parents caring for an Autistic child is taking him out in public. Autistic children are usually normal in appearance, but their strange behavior attracts curious stares and incites comments. At times they will stop while walking and writing in the air with their finger. They also have a tendency to yell when they hear loud noises. These situations put many parents on edge.
Because of these difficulties, the primary-care parent (usually the mother) easily feels isolated. Some parents are basically shy and do not want to become a public spectacle so what they would do is take their children to the playground at times when people usually did not there, like early in the morning or at mealtimes. For other parents getting out is a challenge.
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