NAACP Supporting the Vietnam War – 1963-1969

Wilkins issued a memorandum to all local NAACP units, warning that "NAACP's organized units have no authority" to attend the general meeting of underrepresented people in Washington, DC in August 1965, where the main agenda item was to oppose US policy Vietnam. Wilkins also noted that the NAACP leaders "should pay attention to the public having difficulty separating the organization [and] that the NAACP has not adopted any resolution that is contrary to US policy in Vietnam and has not even demanded the White House collapse or takes charge of the Capitol. "The local NAACP officials were asked not to participate in anti-war demonstrations to avoid their role of personal views of the war against the NAACP officers. Wilkins praised Johnson for dealing with international issues, namely Vietnam. In March 1966, at the Freedom House's annual prize-giving dinner, Wilkins presented President Johnson with a bronze bust of a Johnson bronze stencil as follows:


The free home was never more widespread neither foreign aggression resisted wisely than under the leadership of the Nation. Wilkins was aware of the support he had from President Johnson and the influence he had on civic initiatives. According to Wilkins, Johnson was on the phone, who always called for "the most important speech on civil rights and the crisis in the rights of citizens". "(Matthews, 299) The friendly nature of their friendships was raised in one of the many telephone conversations when Johnson asked Wilkins, at the center of a question after a dispute:" I always call you. Why did not you call me more often? "(Matthews, 299) Wilkins had never had trouble getting to the president when he called. Wilkins was also aware of NAACP's financial support from the mainstream sources and was probably afraid of reprisal if he or she When other civil law organizations spoke of the war, their financing diminished while the financing of the NAACP had risen.

Another possible reason for Wilkins being closely aligned with Johnsons during the Vietnam War with previous anti-war sentiments and the actions that were documented in the FBI file.The FBI documentary provided support to the Fourth Annual NYC Conference on War and Forces in 1937. In 1944 he was one of the most important rapporteurs of the Wartime Inter-Group Unity Conference at the International Labor Nunnery NYC, (FBI File: 100-76 June 29, 1958) Wilkins was a leader of a large civil law organization in the late 30s until the middle of the 1960s, and thought he had to move away from his youthful indiscretions. [44] Wilkins supported Johnson's policy in Vietnam, unlike NAACP's own civil rights program at home. At the heart of the NAACP's initiatives, African-Americans (11% of the population at that time) moved out of poverty conditions and were part of the Johnson's Great Society program. The transplantation of young, poor African-American men from American cities into the South Vietnamese jungle was by-product of Johnson's policy.

Other observers noted that African-American participation in Vietnam was economically advantageous. For most young Afro-American Americans, military pay was the biggest money they've ever seen. Levy notes that African Americans volunteered for dangerous elite units because the dangerous duties were even greater – an additional $ 55 a month for parachute volunteers. (Levy, 212) Journalist Wallace Terry told a story of a sixteen-year-old African-American ship from an impoverished Brooklyn family lying in the Marine Corps to make money for her mother to be sent home. Later he died in the fight, and Terry vowed to write a book about these young African-American men about American ghettos. Wilkins was certainly aware of the economic benefits of the armed service of young African Americans, including the profitable GI Bill benefits to those soldiers who lived in Vietnam.

Afro-American men disproportionately reported in Vietnam. Only after 1968, when the Black Power Navies began to see the war was unveiled, African-American volunteers fell back (though the fans had grown well). Whether at the beginning or at the end of the war, the services of African-American soldiers in the Vietnam struggle exemplify the first war in American history fought by an integrated army. The NAACP was quite proud of this performance.

With regard to the number of African-American soldiers in Vietnam, the crisis sent a message to President Johnson on 28 April 1966 to the Congress, saying that "22 percent of the Negro-Americans are members of our army's armies in Vietnam's combat units, and 22 per cent of those who lost their lives in the battle, Mark Rosenman indicated that "black" soldiers accounted for 21% of the losses, while 18.3% of the army (196) and Peter Levy that Afro-Americans "are fighting troops nearly 20% in 1965. "It was obvious that Afro-Americans represented a larger percentage than their current population. Defense Minister Robert McNamara contributed to this higher percentage by reducing the entry level of the armed forces (Project 100,000 initiative), considering that the" (Thomas Johnson, 16)

Given that the war promoted the economic and social prospects of the young African Americans participating, the NAACP refused to alienate President Johnson on Vietnam's question as a civil law When Martin Luther King Jr. reported in February, February, about the war in Nation magazine's fundraising dinner, he deepened the gap between the moderate and the liberal in the civil rights movement. According to the report, moderate people felt that "suicide was to break with Johnson's president, not only because he was torn away with the President during the war, but also because of the fidelity to the blacks. "

The divide between the NAACP and other civil law leaders and organizations, following the king's anti-Vietnamese speech in Vietnam in 1967, led the historian James Westheider's attention to African-American soldiers to get their views on the war. He found that most soldiers in his own war, with some criticisms that criticize the king and the war against the solos:

An African-American officer who noted in the Vietnam Republic (ARVN):

Brother is right here … You see, for the first time in his life, he finds that he can compete with whites on an equal or very nearly equal basis, he is trying hard in this situation and works well. "

Army Major Beauregard Brown commented:

represented the best chance to progress anywhere, a black career officer.

One of you eighteen, the Marine Marines simply stated:

Brother is here and hellish. We prove ourselves.

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