History of childhood obesity
Statistics on childhood obesity in the United States have recently recognized all aspects of our nation. 16 and 33 percent of children and adolescents are obese. Obesity is the simplest medical condition that recognizes but is most difficult to treat. Due to bad nutrition and lack of physical activity, unhealthy weight gain is responsible for more than 300,000 deaths every year. For obesity, the annual cost of society can be estimated at about $ 100 billion. Overweight children are much more likely to become overweight adults without accepting and maintaining healthy nutrition and movement patterns.
Over the past three decades, childhood obesity rates have more than doubled in the 2-5 age group and in adolescents 12 to 19 years and have increased more than threefold in children aged 6-11. Currently, about nine million children over the age of 6 are obese. Tendencies for childhood and youth obesity show similar growth in the same period in American adults, but at the same time they have risen in both developed and developing countries.
The obesity epidemic affects both boys and girls and has occurred in all the ages, racial and ethnic groups in the United States. In addition to increasing the prevalence of obesity, the most serious group of children becomes increasingly difficult, while the worst children remain poor. This means that the lower part of the distribution of BMI among the young ages of 6-11 years and to a lesser extent among adolescents has little changed.
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