Facts about obesity
Obesity is an accumulation of unnecessary or abnormal fat that can damage your health. In adults, the body mass index (BMI) is the commonly used index of weight and altitude classification. The BMI of a person shall be measured by dividing its mass by the height measured in kilograms. Obesity defined by OBES in adults;
• BMI is greater than or equal to overweight 25
• BMI is equal to or greater than 30 than obesity
Children's age plays a significant role in defining obesity. Children under the age of five are considered obese if their height is greater than 3 standard deviations in the WHO child growth standard median. The WHO growth reference is for obese children aged 5 to 19 years with height above 2 standard deviations.
Facts About Obesity
In 2016, around 13% of the world's population was considered obese, where 11% were male and 15% women. In the same year about 41 million children under the age of 15 were obese and 340 million children aged 5 to 19 were obese. Obesity has long been a problem for high-income countries, but things are changing now, as obesity has recently been rising in both the middle and low-income countries. Since 2000, for example, the number of obesity cases in Africa has increased, with children estimated to have increased by 50%. In Asia, nearly half of all children under the age of five were considered obese by the data collected in 2016. Obesity and Overweight have been associated with more deaths related to the deaths of underdevelopment issues
Causes of Obesity  The main cause of obesity is the asymmetry of energy content between the calories used and the calories consumed. Global growth has occurred; (a) Consuming energy-rich and greasy fats (b) Increasing physical resting habits due to work structure, urbanization and various forms of transport. Environmental and social changes have changed physical patterns and diet. The lack of support for measures in the health, agriculture, education and transport sectors also added some of the visible changes.
Increase in BMI levels results in many infectious diseases such as
• Cardiovascular diseases (stroke and heart attack).
• Cancer (kidney and colon)
• Abnormalities of the bone musculoskeletal system (osteoarthritis)
In addition to rising BMI levels, the risk of disease has also increased. Some disabilities and premature deaths have been linked to childhood obesity where children have grown up in adulthood. Obese children also have difficulty breathing, hypertension and insulin resistance, fracture growth, and psychic effects. Obesity, overweight and other non-communicable diseases can be prevented. A community and an environment that supports it plays a key role in creating people's choices. People are the best choice for healthier eating and regular exercise, which is the highlight of obesity and the reduction and prevention of overweight. At certain levels, you can limit the consumption of fats and sugary foods, and increase the consumption of vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds. Individuals should also use regular physical activity. In order to promote healthy eating, the food industry can play an important role to ensure;
• Processed foods reduce the levels of fats and sugars
• Every consumer can afford healthy foods.
• Foods for children and teenagers reduce sugar, fats and salts.
• Supporting Regular Exercise
Source by sbobet th