Excessive use of violence through legislation, repairs and soldiers
What makes a human being brutalized by another human being under harassment or rule of law? Lord Acton wrote in 1887 to Bishop Mandell Creighton and said, "Power tends to corrupt and absolute power is completely ruined." Is this part of the answer?
Those who have been studying excessive use of violence have identified six conditions that are worth the organization to lose staff discipline and control. Poor or Missing Leadership
2. The Vision of Others is Less Than Human
3. The lack of discipline and training
4. No external organization is supervised. Confidentiality.
5. Being exposed to brutality
6. Participating in a group with a similar opinion as the legitimacy of the use of violence in certain situations as a final instrument.
We appreciate well-known situations.
Mei Lai massacre.
On March 16, 1968, in about 20 minutes, 347-504 South Vietnamese citizens were killed by 60-70 US soldiers in Mei Lai village. Victims were mostly women, children and the elderly. They were beaten, raped and tortured. Three soldiers tried to stop the massacre. About 25 people fled under the bodies of the dead.
Charlie Company suffered significant losses since arriving in Vietnam. The company was sent to Mei Lai because they thought it was an enemy fortification. It was allegedly said Captain Ernest Medina (bills changed) to kill everybody, cut the livestock, and burn the village. The event was first discovered, but a soldier Richard Ridenour sent a letter to the president, the congress and other Washington officials. Twenty-six soldiers were finally charged. Only William Calley was convicted. He spent three years in a life threat. William was small and the dormitory stopped when he entered the army.
There has been a lack of frequent leadership and qualification as a contribution to these events as well as the demand of the army's claim. They also said that many soldiers are not thinking of a Vietnamese man. Isolation from the outside world can distort the correct and wrong view. Only as long as no more soldiers enter the village killed the murder. While he was not exposed to the outside world, he was afraid of the actions of the soldier. The bigger world did not lose its moral compass. So when the norms of the bigger world were applied, his actions seemed bad.
Zimbardo Prison Experiment
In 1971, at Stanford University, Dr. Zimbardo began his most notorious jail attempt. Shared students into a group of prisoners and guards and create a prison prepared in one of the basement of university buildings. Everyone knew this was an experiment. The experiment was planned for two weeks but dropped off after 6 days because the "guards" became too sadistic and the "prisoners" were too depressed. However, some guards did not take part in convicted prisoners, but did not prevent others. Students were caught in a timeframe where they thought what they were doing, was acceptable because they did not have external influences to say, "No, that's not right." Finally, another professor reported on what was unacceptable and the experiment was abandoned
. An experiment by Stanley Milgram in 1961.
Dr. Milgram wanted to know what people brought the Nazi culture's pressure. In his experiment, researchers at Yale University's lab coats instructed the participants to get more and more painful for an electric shock for other "participants" to "teach them through punishment". Sixty-five percent of the participants continued, despite the screams of "fake" participants, believed to have caused an electric shock for incorrect answers. Dr. Milgram's experiments have replicated that about 65% of ordinary people bring the pressure of public pressure, even if they contradict morality, and 35% do not. Abu Ghraib
In San Francisco, on 8 May 2004, Dr. Zimbardo analyzed Abu Ghraib's abuses and found that the prison was ripe for bad treatment to take place. The jail had a weak leader, Brigadier General Janis Karpinski. Prison in jail was a "secret place" usually not visited by administrators. The jail was inadequate and underdeveloped and lacked basic staffing skills. They were tense from the terrible attacks. They did not have discipline and standard operating procedures. The situation deteriorated further, while a soldier pointed to the horror of the prisons. Zimbardo noted that it was inevitable. Prisons where the balance of power is so unequal are very likely to be abused. In the New York Times, on May 6, 2004, Craig Haney, professor of psychology at the University of California, stated that the prevention of problems found in Abu Ghraib requires discipline, training and external oversight
. environmental and organizational, as well as individual contributors, seem to use excessive violence in institutions or organizations. Further analysis of these factors will show us how to monitor organizations to prevent these things from happening in the future. The most important features are lack of training and discipline, lack of leadership and lack of external supervision. It would also be important to examine the organizational features of the agencies where excessive use of force does not occur. It is an important area for studying.
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